Given that the majority of adults spend more time at work than elsewhere, the workplace is a major contributor to people’s physical and mental health. More and more we are hearing about workplace mental health. There is such a lot of information out there, on a whole bunch of topics.
We want to dive into the issue of mental health in the workplace, and break it down each week.
What are the facts?
- Mental Health problems affect 1 in 5 Australians,
- 1 in 2 people experience a mental health problem over their lifetime
- Anxiety and depression tend to affect people during their prime working years
Mental ill health costs Australian workplaces
- $4.7 billion in absenteeism
- $1.6 billion in presenteeism
- $4.6 million in compensation claims per year
- Mental health conditions result in 12 million days of reduced productivity for Australian businesses annually.
- 6% serious workers comp claims for work-related mental health conditions
- 92% serious work-related mental health conditions are due to work-related mental stress from a poor quality work environment.
Nearly 2 out of 3 Australians are in the workforce, in a broad range of industries, businesses and roles. This means along with other factors impacting your mental health, your work environment can be a significant cause of mental health problems.
The risk is increased if you work in an unhealthy work environment where there is significant work-related stress.
Most people know when they are working somewhere that is making them feel unhappy, you might talk to colleagues about crap hours or an overbearing manager. There are a lot of things to consider when it comes to identifying poor work environments. If you know what the signs are, you can start making changes and improving your mental wellbeing at work.
Some of the things that create a poor working environment are:
Working long hours or overtime, working through breaks or taking work home.
Working a 9-5 job from 8-7 (with no lunch) because there is so much to do, or having to work on weekends gives you less time to attend to other important areas of your life. Like sleeping, spending time with your family and generally just all the stuff that life is about.
You work in a shop and you can’t take your breaks because there is no time between customers and no-one to cover you.
No control over tasks
In a lot of jobs, you don’t have any autonomy to choose your own tasks, or how you can perform them. This makes it hard to perform these tasks well, which can lead to frustration.
Lack of support from co-workers and managers
It is hard to work somewhere where your receive no support in your work, and you can’t get anyone to help you when you need it. If your managers doesn’t lead your teams effectively, making sure that everyone is working well together. If you don’t feel that you can go and talk to your manager to get clarity around your work, you are left to fend for yourself.
High effort/low reward work
You are putting a lot of effort into your work, or the type of work you are doing is high level, but you are not being recognised or rewarded for your effort.
Bullying, & Harassment
Bullying & Harassment alone can create a bad workplace. This can include abusive language, intentionally ignoring someone, being overly critical of someone’s work, malicious rumours.
When some staff are treated differently to others, or given more favourable work or attention. Brenda is over there getting the plum jobs and you are sifting through filing cabinets..
Staff and managers not being able to clearly communicate with each other can lead to work not being performed properly, people feeling undervalued, and a lack of respect among workers.
Work that is emotionally draining
People who work in the human services and health sector’s work can have work that involves highly emotional and psychological aspects which over time can lead to burnout.
You might not be given enough time to get all your work done. There is the urgent brief you have to write that is highly important and complex and it needs to be done by the end of the day…and you get the email about it at 4pm.
If you are a casual employee or a subcontractor, ongoing work is not always guaranteed. This can put more pressure on you, to feel like you have to perform well to ensure you keep getting work.
Poorly managed changed
If your workplace is going through changes, and you are not consulted about them it can make it hard to feel on-board with the changes. If there is no consideration about employee’s feelings through changing work environments, it can create additional tensions.
Industry related issues.
Different industries can have different work-stress. Nurses, Doctors, Police and Emergency services have high exposure to suffering and death. Customer service employees often have to deal with customers who are abusive or have unrealistic demands. Fly in Fly Out workers, like miners etc face isolation and lack of immediate support.
Discrimination can take many forms and can be related to your gender, ethinicity, race, sexuality, or pregnancy.
Even if your workplace only has a few of these things occuring, it can still cause significant impacts on your mental health.
The good news is that it is possible to create a mentally healthy environment. We are going to explore more about mentally healthy workplaces and things you can do to achieve them in future blogs.